The Indian Embassy (Nepal) P.O.
Or British Legation (Nepal) P.O. or Residency P.O. was the name of the Indian Post Office in Nepal. The Residency P.O. started functioning in Kathmandu, Nepal in the year 1816. It continued till 1920 when it became British Legation P.O., but postal markings were changed in 1941.
After India’s Independence the charge of this Indian P.O. was handed over to Indian Embassy in Nepal on 1st April 1948, and the postal markings were changed in between 23rd April 1948 and 10th May 1948. It was finally shutdown a 149 years later on 12th April 1965.
The cover below uses, 3 x 1A and 2 x 3PS King George VI and 4 x 3½ Anna Gandhi, bearing “Indian Embassy Nepal - 19 Nov 48” cancel, sent from Nepal to USA via “Air Mail”.
It is interesting to note following,
This Indian Post Office actually worked as a Foreign Post Office of Nepal. All foreign letters (excluding India) had to be forwarded to its destination through this Post Office.
Impact of Demonetization:
The decimal system in India was introduced on 1st April 1957. It is important to understand, the currency system prior to this. 1 Rupee = 16 Annas, 1 Anna = 4 Pice, 1 Pice = 3 Pies. Effective 1st-Oct-1959 the odd Anna Stamps, viz, 1.5 & 3.5 Annas Gandhi Stamps were demonetized since they were not divisible by 4 Annas. However, 12 Annas which converts to 75 NP & Rs 10 to Rs 10 continued to be in use and can be still used today.
After Nepal relaxed it’s policies by early 1950's, mail started flowing through Indian Embassy P.O. and the mail arrangements between India and Nepal were as follows:
Fully Prepaid Unregistered correspondence could be sent by the Post offices in India to Nepal through the offices of Exchange. Reply Paid Post Cards & Money Order were not available between two countries. Registration, Insurance and Parcel Service were also not available throughout Nepal except Kathmandu where Indian Post Office - Indian Embassy P.O. Nepal was working.
It meant that Parcels within a limit of 400 Tolas (Weight), Registered and Insured articles, addressed to and/ or care of this Indian Embassy P.O., could be accepted. In case the addressee is not a member of the Indian Embassy, the Registered and Insured articles were handed over by the Indian Embassy (Nepal) P.O. to a representative of the Nepalese P.O. at Kathmandu who delivered. The above rules are recorded in Section XII of P & T Guide July 1948 and clarifications there after are recorded in DGPO Circular No.49 dated 29th November 1949.
This cover was mailed in Jan 1957, just a few weeks before these stamps became forever unusable due to the introduction of the decimal system. The cover uses, 2 x 1½ Anna and 4 x 3½ Anna Gandhi, bearing “Bombay GPO - 15 Jan 57” cancel, sent from Bombay, India to Kathmandu, Nepal via Registered Insured for Rs 60.
This is the oldest recorded use of these stamps.